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Russian unmanned aerial vehicle. Archive photo
SAMARA, May 14 – RIA Novosti. Scientists of the University of Samara have created a flying chemical laboratory on the basis of drones, which will allow for an operative analysis of the state of the atmosphere, the press service of the university reports on Monday.
"The air chemical laboratory is capable of conducting an operational analysis of the state of the atmosphere at altitudes of up to 1000 meters and within a radius of 2 km from the source", – the report says.
According to the press service, the complex can, in an autonomous mode, fly around potential sources of air pollution along a pre-compiled route with designated emission points, analyze the air composition and transmit the received information to the ground control center. The process of analyzing the obtained samples takes up to three minutes.
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It is noted that the basis of the airborne laboratory complex is a gas microchromatograph created by scientists of the Samara University. This portable device weighs a little more than a kilogram completely replaces bulky laboratory devices. Within a few minutes, it is able to provide accurate data on the composition of the atmosphere, the qualitative and quantitative composition of oil and gas, or to analyze biomarkers in the exhaled air. The device is placed on the platform of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) of a multi-rotor type "Indigo"The engineers developed the University Center for Unmanned Systems.
The mobile laboratory complex, according to the developers, can be used primarily by oil and gas, chemical and energy companies, as well as other industrial enterprises, whose activities are associated with potential emissions of toxic substances into the atmosphere. In addition, the device can be successfully used in emergency situations: when it is required to make a large number of measurements at several points in order to obtain a reliable picture, and access to the source of pollution is difficult.