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© NASA artwork by Pat Rawlings / SAIC
MOSCOW, May 29 – RIA Novosti. Psychologists from the Lyndon Johnson Space Center named the qualities needed for those wishing to fly to Mars as part of the NASA mission. The study is published in the journal American Psychological Association American Psychologist.
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The scientists focused on the teamwork of the future colonists of Mars. It is noted that they will have to spend a lot of time together in a calm regime, and in critical situations. So, in order to maintain a healthy atmosphere in the team, the applicant must have a good sense of humor, but not be too sociable at the same time.
"The proposed personality profile includes high emotional stability, relatively high or high level of compliance, moderate openness, <…> extraversion in the range from low to moderately high rates", The study says.
At the same time, too high or too low values of any personal factor indicate that a person is not ready to become an astronaut, psychologists emphasize.
NASA considers sending a manned spacecraft to Mars one of its main goals. In the US, it is hoped that the first mission will be available in the 2030s and 2040s, but if current research proves successful, the timing may shift to the mid-2020s.
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In 2019, the Orion shuttle had to leave for the moon, but the launch of the ship was postponed due to the high cost of the project and unforeseen difficulties in the development. It was planned that the ship could later be used to fly to Mars.
Plans for the development of Mars are also nurtured by the head of Tesla and SpaceX companies Ilon Mask. According to the businessman, the first test flight "Martian" the ship is scheduled for 2019, and the first truck SpaceX expects to ship to the Red Planet in 2022. The ultimate goal of the company Mask is planting seeds on Mars to create conditions for the human colony there.