Comtuter and Internet News Channel
PARIS, 1 May. / TASS /. A complex operation for sequencing the genome of the rose was succeeded by a French scientist from the Laboratory for the Reproduction and Development of Plants (Lyon City). This was reported by Agence France-Presse. This program required eight years of hard work. The results are published in the scientific journal Nature Genetics.
As one of the participants in the project explained, Mohammed Bendakhman, the established sequence of nucleotides in the DNA molecule of the rose "High Quality" and the resulting transcript "the most complete of all existing" currently. "This is a very big achievement for such a complex genome, which is the genome of the rose", – he stressed.
For the research project, the genome of the Old Blush (Rosa chinensis) flower genome was identified, numbering 36377 genes. This variety was exported from China to Europe in 1793. Scientists recall in this connection that "the current more than 35 thousand varieties occur initially from a small number of crosses between a dozen species of wild roses".
Sequencing should enable us to determine which genes are responsible for the particular characteristics of this flower. In the future, all this will allow, for example, to create roses that do not require the use of pesticides and intensive irrigation. In addition, as stressed by Mohammed Bendakhman, "experts will be able to achieve new mutual relations between the shape, color and aroma of plants". This can lead to the creation of companies specializing in the development and sale of plants of new super-popular varieties that have excellent commercial characteristics and at the same time are resistant to pests, which is important from a financial point of view.
As recalled in this regard, the authors of the study, roses are the world’s most bred flowers and similar developments promise super-large profits. They express confidence that their work is unconditional. "will significantly speed up the process of improving various types and varieties of roses".